Security rule 0 – Permission
Anyone who intends to carry out or have carried out fire hazard work * (for example, owners or users of a property or an overall/general contractor) shall designate in writing a permit manager, who shall assess whether the work involves a danger of fire. If the danger of fire is deemed to exist, the work may only be carried out on condition that the licensee: Issues permits for the work on the Permit & check list for fire hazard work* or equivalent, which must be completed in full.
During the execution of the work, ensure that the following safety rules are followed. The licensee may delegate his/her responsibility only if the person appointed has given his/her written consent. The permit manager must not perform the fire hazard work*.
Security rule 1 – Authorisation
Anyone who is to perform fire hazard work shall have competence and experience in fire protection. The same applies to the person who is to be a fire guard. Eligibility training must be completed in accordance with the plan decided by the insurance companies and the Fire Protection Association’s Training Committee for fire hazard work.
The person who is appointed to be the licensee on a regular basis shall have the corresponding training and experience.
Safety rule 2 – Fire guard
A fire guard must be appointed and present at the workplace – even during work hours – during the time that the fire hazard work* is carried out and during the monitoring period – at least one hour – or another period specified by the permit manager in the permit.
The fire guard must not leave the workplace until the danger of fire ceases.
A fire guard is not required when the permit manager judges that it is obvious that the work can be carried out with the same degree of safety without a fire guard.
Safety rule 3 – Flammable product
For work in spaces that contain or have contained flammable goods, permission must be obtained from the person designated to be the manager for handling.
Safety rule 4 – Cleaning and watering
The workplace should be:
· Provided with a fire sprinkler system if required
Safety rule 5 – Combustible material
Combustible material on and near the workplace shall be:
· Protected by a cover
Safety rule 6 – Hidden combustible building parts
Heat-conducting constructions and hidden combustible building parts shall be examined with regard to the fire hazard, and in the case of established fire hazards:
· Accessible for immediate extinction
Safety rule 7 – Densities
Slots, holes, penetrations and other openings on and near the workplace should be:
· Checked for fire hazards
Safety rule 8 – Extinguishing equipment
Approved, functioning and sufficient extinguishing equipment shall be available for immediate extinguishing measures. This refers to a hose with water or two certified manual fire extinguishers with minimum efficiency of class 34 A 233 BC (at least 2×6 kg powder).
When roofing is required:
When roofing, a hose with water and two certified manual fire extinguishers with minimum efficiency of class 34 A 233 BC (at least 2 x 6 kg powder) are required. Alternatively, three certified fire extinguishers with minimum efficiency of class 34A 233BC (at least 3 x 6 kg) apply. When roofing, breaking tools and hand lights are always required at the workplace.
Safety rule 9 – Welding equipment
Welding equipment should be fault-free. Acetylene bottles must be provided with back cover. Welding torches must be equipped with a check valve for fuel gas and oxygen. Protective gloves and shut-off keys must be provided.
Safety rule 10 – Alarm
It must be possible to alert the emergency service/fire department immediately. A functioning mobile phone should be available unless a stationary phone is within reach
Anyone who is instructed to sound an alert should know the address of the workplace.
Safety rule 11 – Drying and heating
When drying or heating by combustion of gas, the flame should be enclosed so that it cannot cause ignition.
Safety rule 12 – Drying of substrate and application of waterproofing
When drying substrates and applying sealing layers, the material may be heated to a maximum of 300ºC.
Safety rule 13 – Melting of asphalt
When melting asphalt, the equipment must be erected, handled and inspected in accordance with the Fire Protection Association’s safety rules for melting asphalt when working on roofs and balconies.
*Fire hazard work corresponds to the Fire Protection Association’s Hot Work